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SQL to LINQ Cheat Sheet

September 27, 2009 Leave a comment Go to comments

If you are already working with SQL and are familiar with SQL queries then you may find you at time are thinking of converting SQL syntax to LINQ syntax when writing LINQ. Following cheat sheet should help you with some of the common queries

 

SQL

LINQ

Lambda

SELECT *

FROM HumanResources.Employee

from e in Employees

select e

Employees
   .Select (e => e)

SELECT e.LoginID, e.JobTitle

FROM HumanResources.Employee AS e

from e in Employees

select new {e.LoginID, e.JobTitle}

Employees
   .Select (
      e =>
         new 
         {
            LoginID = e.LoginID,
            JobTitle = e.JobTitle
         }
   )

SELECT e.LoginID AS ID, e.JobTitle AS Title

FROM HumanResources.Employee AS e

from e in Employees

select new {ID = e.LoginID, Title = e.JobTitle}

Employees
   .Select (
      e =>
         new 
         {
            ID = e.LoginID,
            Title = e.JobTitle
         }
   )

SELECT DISTINCT e.JobTitle

FROM HumanResources.Employee AS e

(from e in Employees

select e.JobTitle).Distinct()

Employees
   .Select (e => e.JobTitle)
   .Distinct ()

SELECT e.*

FROM HumanResources.Employee AS e

WHERE e.LoginID = ‘test’

from e in Employees

where e.LoginID == "test"

select e

Employees
   .Where (e => (e.LoginID == "test"))

SELECT e.*

FROM HumanResources.Employee AS e

WHERE e.LoginID = ‘test’ AND e.SalariedFlag = 1

from e in Employees

where e.LoginID == "test" && e.SalariedFlag

select e

Employees
   .Where (e => ((e.LoginID == "test") && e.SalariedFlag))

SELECT e.*
FROM HumanResources.Employee AS e

WHERE e.VacationHours >= 2 AND e.VacationHours <= 10

from e in Employees

where e.VacationHours >= 2 && e.VacationHours <= 10

select e

Employees
   .Where (e => (((Int32)(e.VacationHours) >= 2) && ((Int32)(e.VacationHours) <= 10)))

SELECT e.*

FROM HumanResources.Employee AS e
ORDER BY e.NationalIDNumber

from e in Employees

orderby e.NationalIDNumber

select e

Employees
   .OrderBy (e => e.NationalIDNumber)

SELECT e.*

FROM HumanResources.Employee AS e

ORDER BY e.HireDate DESC, e.NationalIDNumber

from e in Employees

orderby e.HireDate descending, e.NationalIDNumber

select e

Employees
   .OrderByDescending (e => e.HireDate)
   .ThenBy (e => e.NationalIDNumber)

SELECT e.*
FROM HumanResources.Employee AS e

WHERE e.JobTitle LIKE ‘Vice%’ OR SUBSTRING(e.JobTitle, 0, 3) = ‘Pro’

from e in Employees

where e.JobTitle.StartsWith("Vice") || e.JobTitle.Substring(0, 3) == "Pro"

select e

Employees
   .Where (e => (e.JobTitle.StartsWith ("Vice") || (e.JobTitle.Substring (0, 3) == "Pro")))

SELECT SUM(e.VacationHours)

FROM HumanResources.Employee AS e

 

Employees.Sum(e => e.VacationHours);

SELECT COUNT(*)

FROM HumanResources.Employee AS e

 

Employees.Count();

SELECT SUM(e.VacationHours) AS TotalVacations, e.JobTitle

FROM HumanResources.Employee AS e

GROUP BY e.JobTitle

from e in Employees

group e by e.JobTitle into g

select new {JobTitle = g.Key, TotalVacations = g.Sum(e => e.VacationHours)}

Employees
   .GroupBy (e => e.JobTitle)
   .Select (
      g =>
         new 
         {
            JobTitle = g.Key,
            TotalVacations = g.Sum (e => (Int32)(e.VacationHours))
         }
   )

SELECT e.JobTitle, SUM(e.VacationHours) AS TotalVacations

FROM HumanResources.Employee AS e

GROUP BY e.JobTitle

HAVING e.COUNT(*) > 2

from e in Employees

group e by e.JobTitle into g

where g.Count() > 2

select new {JobTitle = g.Key, TotalVacations = g.Sum(e => e.VacationHours)}

Employees
   .GroupBy (e => e.JobTitle)
   .Where (g => (g.Count () > 2))
   .Select (
      g =>
         new 
         {
            JobTitle = g.Key,
            TotalVacations = g.Sum (e => (Int32)(e.VacationHours))
         }
   )

SELECT *

FROM Production.Product AS p, Production.ProductReview AS pr

from p in Products

from pr in ProductReviews

select new {p, pr}

Products
   .SelectMany (
      p => ProductReviews,
      (p, pr) =>
         new 
         {
            p = p,
            pr = pr
         }
   )

SELECT *

FROM Production.Product AS p

INNER JOIN Production.ProductReview AS pr ON p.ProductID = pr.ProductID

from p in Products

join pr in ProductReviews on p.ProductID equals pr.ProductID

select new {p, pr}

Products
   .Join (
      ProductReviews,
      p => p.ProductID,
      pr => pr.ProductID,
      (p, pr) =>
         new 
         {
            p = p,
            pr = pr
         }
   )

SELECT *

FROM Production.Product AS p

INNER JOIN Production.ProductCostHistory AS pch ON p.ProductID = pch.ProductID AND p.SellStartDate = pch.StartDate

from p in Products

join pch in ProductCostHistories on new {p.ProductID, StartDate = p.SellStartDate} equals new {pch.ProductID, StartDate = pch.StartDate}

select new {p, pch}

Products
   .Join (
      ProductCostHistories,
      p =>
         new 
         {
            ProductID = p.ProductID,
            StartDate = p.SellStartDate
         },
      pch =>
         new 
         {
            ProductID = pch.ProductID,
            StartDate = pch.StartDate
         },
      (p, pch) =>
         new 
         {
            p = p,
            pch = pch
         }
   )

SELECT *

FROM Production.Product AS p

LEFT OUTER JOIN Production.ProductReview AS pr ON p.ProductID = pr.ProductID

from p in Products

join pr in ProductReviews on p.ProductID equals pr.ProductID

into prodrev

select new {p, prodrev}

Products
   .GroupJoin (
      ProductReviews,
      p => p.ProductID,
      pr => pr.ProductID,
      (p, prodrev) =>
         new 
         {
            p = p,
            prodrev = prodrev
         }
   )

SELECT p.ProductID AS ID

FROM Production.Product AS p

UNION

SELECT pr.ProductReviewID

FROM Production.ProductReview AS pr

(from p in Products

select new {ID = p.ProductID}).Union(

from pr in ProductReviews

select new {ID = pr.ProductReviewID})

Products
   .Select (
      p =>
         new 
         {
            ID = p.ProductID
         }
   )
   .Union (
      ProductReviews
         .Select (
            pr =>
               new 
               {
                  ID = pr.ProductReviewID
               }
         )
   )

SELECT TOP (10) *

FROM Production.Product AS p

WHERE p.StandardCost < 100

(from p in Products

where p.StandardCost < 100

select p).Take(10)

Products
   .Where (p => (p.StandardCost < 100))
   .Take (10)

SELECT *

FROM [Production].[Product] AS p

WHERE p.ProductID IN(

    SELECT pr.ProductID

    FROM [Production].[ProductReview] AS [pr]

    WHERE pr.[Rating] = 5

    )

from p in Products

where (from pr in ProductReviews

where pr.Rating == 5

select pr.ProductID).Contains(p.ProductID)

select p

Products
   .Where (
      p =>
         ProductReviews
            .Where (pr => (pr.Rating == 5))
            .Select (pr => pr.ProductID)
            .Contains (p.ProductID)
   )

 

Also, here is an excellent LINQ query comprehension diagram http://www.albahari.com/nutshell/linqsyntax.emf

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  1. Zeeshan
    December 24, 2009 at 12:23 am | #1

    Why you stopped posting your articles?

  2. Farrukh
    December 29, 2009 at 3:29 pm | #2

    If you have a idea about Active X control then post complete Acivex Control tutorial with Sign Certificated.

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